Windows

Windows 2019 FAQ

4. Roles and Features

Updated: 16 Aug 2021

a) List of Roles that Windows 2019 Standard or Datacenter editions supports.

Role Description Feature Name Step by Step Guides
Active Directory Certificate Services Create a Certificate authority to manage certificates for users and computers AD-Certificate, ADCS-Cert-Authority Certificate Services
Active Directory Domain Services Create a Domain Controller for a domain to manage users, groups, computers for an organisation AD-Domain-Services Domain Services
Active Directory Federation Services Create a simple federation and single sign on service to access web sites and applications ADFS-Federation Federation Services
Active Directory Lightweight Directory Service Create an LDAP database to store application specific attributes and values ADLDS LDS
Active Directory Rights Management Service Create a secure rights management datastore to authorize users to certain information ADRMS, ADRMS-Server, ADRMS-Identity RMS
Device Health Attestation New role added in final release DeviceHealthAttestation Device Health
DHCP Server Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol - Provide IP addresses to local subnets DHCP DHCP
DNS Server Domain Name Service - Provide name resolution for TCP/IP networks DNS DNS
Fax Server Provide facsimile services on this computer over a telephone network Fax Fax Server
File and Storage Services Manage and store documents and files on this server FileAndStrage-Services, File and Storage
File and iSCSI Services

Manage file servers and storage using File server, Branchcache, Data deduplication, DFS namespace and replication, File Server Resource Manager, VSS Agent Service,iSCSI and Server for NFS.

FS-FileServer, FS-Branchcache, FS-Data-Duplication, FS-DFS-Namespace, FS-DFS-Replication, FS-Resource-Manager, FS-VSS-Agent, FS-iSCSITarget iSCSI
Storage Services Storage management functionality Storage-Services Storage
Host Guardian Service Enables shielded virtual machines using Attestation and Key Protection services HostGuardianServiceRole Guardian Service
Hyper-V Server Virtualisation Hyper-V Hyper-V
Network Controller This provides the point of automation for continual configuration and monitoring of various network services.(New for 2019)   Network Controller
Network Policy and Access Service Provide NPA, R&RA, HRA and HCAP services to protect and maintain your network NPAS NPAS Services
Print and Document Services Provide central printing and remote scanning services Print-Services, Print-Server, Printer-Internet, Print-LPD-Service Printing
Remote Access Seamless connectibity and Always on or manager experience with DirectAccess, VPN and Web application proxy. RemoteAccess,DirectAccess-VPN, Routing Remote Access
Remote Desktop Services Provide remote login facilities to applications Remote-Desktop-Services RDS
Volume Activation Services Key Management service for Windows and Office application activation VolumeActivation Activation
Web Server (IIS) Web server including ASP, ASP.Net CGI Web-Server Web Server
Windows Deployment Services Deploy windows to clients WDS, WDS-Deployment, WDS-Transport Deployment Services
Windows Server Update Services Deploy regular security and bug fixes to clients UpdateServices Update Services

The Windows Server Essentials Experience Role has been deprecated in Windows 2019.

b) List of Features in Windows 2019

Feature Description Feature Name
.NET Framework 3.5 Features Microsoft .NET Framework, XPS Viewer and WCF Activation NET-Framework-Features, NET-Framework-Core, NET-HTTP-Activation
.NET Framework 4.7 Features Microsoft .NET Framework. See DotNet. NET-Framework-45-Features, NET-Framework-45-Core, NET-Framework-45-ASPNET
Background Intelligent Transfer Service Recieve files from clients using BITS BITS
Bitlocker Drive Encryption Encrypt entire drives for data protection BitLocker
Bitlocker Network Unlock Use a network based key protector for auto unlock system drives in a domain. BitLocaker-NetworkUnlock
Branch Cache Configure a hosted cache or branch cache content server for HTTP or BITS. BranchCache
Client for NFS Enable access to files on Unix based NFS file systems. NFS-Client
Containers To create and manage Windows Server Containers Containers
Data Center Bridging Provide standards for hardware based bandwidth and transport reliability. Data-Center-Bridging
Direct Play New for 2012 R2 - Direct play features Direct-Play
Enhanced Storage For access to additional functions for Enhanced Storage devices. EnhancedStorage
Failover Clustering Provide high availability for servers. See link. Failover-Clustering
Group Policy Management Enable GPMC tool for group policy management GPMC
Host Guardian Hyper-V Support Provide features for Shielded Virtual Machines. HostGuardian
I/O Quality of Service New feature to configure QoS settings such as max I/O and bandwidth limits on applications DiscIo-QoS
IIS Hostable Web Core A cut down web server. Web-WHC
Internet Printing Client Enable IPP printing via the web Internet-Print-Client
IP Address Management (IPAM) Server Provide central framework for managing IP such as DHCP and DNS. IPAM
iSNS Server service Provide Internet Storage Name Server for discovering iSCSI SANs. ISNS
LPR Port Monitor Enable Line Printer Remote port monitoring used by Unix devices LPR-Port-Monitor
Management oData IIS Extension Provide Powershell cmdlets through ODATA based web service under IIS. ManagementOData
Media Foundation Windows Media foundation, Media SDK and DirectShow for media files. Server-Media-Foundation
Message Queuing Enable message queuing between computers, http, DCOM and remotely. MSMQ
Multipath I/O Provide muliple support paths to devices using a Device Specific Module. Multipath-IO
Multipoint Connector Allows your machine to be managed by a Multipoint Manager and Dashboard apps Multipath-Connector
Network Load Balancing Provide IP load balancing across 2 or more computers for services such as IIS NLB
Peer Name Resolution Protocol Provide name resolution for applications across computers PNRP
Quality Windows Audio Visual Experience Provides QoS for streaming audio and video files over network qWave
RAS Connection Manager Admin Kit Tool to create profiles for remote services and networks. CMAK
Remote Assistance Enable remote assistance tools to allow other users help to resolve problems Remote-Assistance
Remote Differential Compression Computes and transmits differences between objects over the network RDC
Remote Server Administration Tools Enables tools to manage Domain, DNS, DHCP and other roles and features RSAT
RPC over HTTP Protocol Enables Remote Procedure Calls over HTTP for access to Exchange using Outlook over internet RPC-over-HTTP-Proxy
Setup and Boot Event Collection Collection and logging of setup and boot events from other computers Setup-and-Boot-Event
Simple TCP/IP Services Provides some simple TCP/IP services e.g. Char Gen, Daytime, Discard, Echo, Quote of the Day Simple-TCPIP
SMB 1.0/CIFS File Sharing Support Support for SMB 1.0, CIFS and Computer Browsing FS-SMB1
SMB Bandwidth Limit To track SMB traffic per category and limit traffic for those categories. FS-SMBBW
SMTP Server Simple Mail Transport Protocol server for delivering email for another application FS-SMB1-Server
SNMP Service Simple Network Management Protocol for providing system information over network FS-SMB1-Client
Software Load Balancer Provides balancing of network resources (new for 2019)  
Software Migration Service Manages storage migration by using SMS Proxy service.(new for 2019)  
Software Migration Service Proxy Run inventory, transfer and cutover for storage migration (new for 2019)  
Storage Replica Allows replication of data for storage (new for 2019) Storage-Replica
System Data Archiver Collect and store Windows system data (new for 2019)  
System Insights Manage to run analytics of Windows system data (new for 2019)  
Telnet client Command line telnet tool to remote systems (see OpenSSH) Telnet-Client
TFTP Client Trivial File Transfer Protocol client to access TFTP servers TFTP-Client
VM Shielding Tools for Fabric Management Provide Shielded VM utilities FabricShieldedTools
WebDAV Redirector New feature to enable Windows programs to manage Internet-based files. WebDAV-Redirector
Windows Biometric Framework Allows fingerprint devices to be used to logon to Windows Biometric-Framework
Windows Defender Antivirus New feature to protect Windows from Malware. Windows-Defender
Windows Identity Foundation 3.5 Provides a set of .NET Framework classes for claims based identity in .NET apps. Windows-Identity-Foundation
Windows Internal Database Relational data store used by UDDI, AD RMS, Windows Update service etc Windows-Internal-Database
Windows Powershell Install Powershell command line and scripting tool PowerShell
Windows Process Activation Service Generalises the IIS process model for WCF applications WAS
Windows Search Service Provides fast file searches on a server. Search-Service
Windows Server Backup Install new Windows Backup tool. See link Windows-Server-Backup
Windows Server Migration Tools Tools to allow migration of roles, settings, files, shares from earlier versions of Windows to 2019. Migration
Windows Standards-Based Storage Management Ability to discover and manager storeage devices using the SMI-S standard. WindowsStorageManagementService
Windows Subsystem for Linux Provide environment to run native user-mode Linux shells and tools. (new for 2019) Microsoft-Windows-Subsystem-Linux
Windows TIFF Filter Perform OCR on TIFF 6.0 compliant files for indexing and searching Windows-TIFF-IFilter
WinRM IIS Extension Allow management requests via WinRM from clients winRM-IIS-Ext
WINS Server Windows Internet Naming Service for Netbios names WINS
Wireless LAN Service Configures and starts the WLAN service Wireless-Networking
WoW64 Support Allows Wow64 to support 32 bit applications on Server Core installations. Wow64-Support
XPS Viewer Install XPS Viewer application to view XPS files XPS-Viewer
     
DataCenter only features    
Host Guardian Hyper-V Support Features for Shielded Virtual Machines on Hyper-V  
Software Load Balancer New feature to provide Software based load balancing of network resources.  
Storage Replica Provide facility replicate data for storage  
     

c) Settings, Apps and Features, Optional Features.

Optional Feature Description
English (GB) optional character recognition Optional character recognition to convert printed text to digital text
English (GB) typing Spelling, text prediction and document searching.
English (US) handwriting Handwriting and pen.
English (US) text-to-speech Contana, text to speech and Narrator.
English (US) typing Spelling, text prediction and document searching.
Internet Explorer 11 Web browser. See also new Edge browser.
Math Recognizer Math input panel, control and recognizer
OpenSSH Client OpenSSH based secured shell client
Windows Media Player Music and video player.
XPS Viewer XPS file viewer
Supplemental Fonts Various fonts
Enterprise Cloud Print Enables Enterprise Cloud Print on Print Servers.
Graphics Tools Adds DirectX graphics tools support.
Mopria Cloud Service Enables Mopria Cloud Service for discovery of Enterprise Cloud Printers.
MSIX Packinging Tool Driver Supports conversion of of win32 apps to MSIX format
OpenSSH Server OpenSSH based secured shell server for remote access.
RIP Listener Router Information Protocol v1 for network routing.
Windows Hello Face The Windows Hello Face software device for facial recognition.
Windows Storage Management Windows Storage Management
WMI SNMP Provider Windows Management Instrumentation's Simple Network Management Protocol provider

d) Additional Server Applications

Application Description Step by Step Guides
SQL Server Full relational database application Install SQL
MDT server Windows deployment toolkit Install MDT
Exchange Server 2019 Full On premise E-mail service Install Exch 2019
Sharepoint Server Document and sharing content system Install Sharepoint
System Center Suite of products for configuration, operation, service, VMs, and endpoint protection. EndPoint Manager
Azure AD Connect Hybrid connection between on premise setup and Microsoft's Azure AD and Office 365 AD Connect
.NET Framework 4.8 Latest .NET Framework NET Framework 4.8
.NET Core 5 Current .NET Core NET Core 5
Visual C++ Runtimes Libraries for VC++ applications Visual Runtimes

e) Management Tools

Application Description Step by Step Guides
SQL Server Management Studio Full relational database application Download SSMS
Azure Data Studio Multi-platform SQL Server management Download Studio
Visual Studio Visual development tools Download VS