Windows 2008 FAQ

4. Roles and Features

a) List of Roles Windows 2008 RTM and R2 supports

Role Description Step by Step Guide
Active Directory Certificate Services Create a Certificate authority to manage certificates for users and computers Certificate Services
Active Directory Domain Services Create a Domain Controller for a domain to manage users, groups, computers for an organisation Domain Services
Active Directory Federation Services Create a simple federation and single sign on service to access web sites and applications Federation Services
Active Directory Lightweight Directory Service Create an LDAP database to store application specific attributes and values LDS Services
Active Directory Rights Management Service Create a secure rights management datastore to authorize users to certain information RMS Services
Application Server Manage and host business applications esp. those using .NET Application Server
DHCP Server Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol - Provide IP addresses to local subnets DHCP
DNS Server Domain Name Service - Provide name resolution for TCP/IP networks DNS Server
Fax Server Provide facsimile services on this computer over a telephone network Fax Server
File Services Manage and store documents and files on this server File Services
Hyper-V Hypervisor server virtualisation (2008 R2) Hyper-V
Network Policy and Access Service Provide NPA, R&RA, HRA and HCAP services to protect and maintain your network NPAS Services
Print (and Document) Services Provide central printing services and network scanning services (2008 R2) Printing
Remote Desktop Services New service replacing Terminal Services for users to access apps remotely (2008 R2) RDS Services
Terminal Services Provide remote login facilities to applications (2008 RTM) Terminal Services
UDDI Services Universal Description, Discovery and Integration of sharing web services (2008 RTM) UDDI
Web Server (IIS) Web server including ASP, ASP.Net CGI Web Server
Windows Deployment Services Deploy windows to clients WDS
Windows Server Update Services Deploy regular security and bug fixes to clients WSUS

b) List of Features in Windows 2008 RTM and R2

Feature Description
.NET Framework 3.0 Features Microsoft .NET Framework, XPS Viewer and WCF Activation (2008 RTM)
.NET Framework 3.5.1 Features Microsoft .NET Framework (2008 R2)
Background Intelligent Transfer Service Transfers files async in fore or background (2008 R2)
Bitlocker Drive Encryption Encrypt entire drives for data protection
BITS Server Extensions Receive files from clients using BITS (2008 RTM)
Branch Cache Allows caching of web (Http), file shares (smb) and BITS services to branch offices (2008 R2)
Connection Manager Admin Kit Program to create connection manager profiles
Desktop Experience Enable desktop Vista type features such as WMP, Themes and Photo management
Direct Access Management Console Configure DA infrastrucutre for users to access resources thru an always-on connection (2008 R2)
Failover Clustering Provide high availability for servers (2008 R2, Enterprise version only)
Group Policy Management Enable GPMC tool for group policy management
Ink and Handwriting Services Ink support and handwriting recognition (2008 R2)
Internet Printing Client Enable IPP printing via the web
Internet Storage Name Server Enables name services for iSCSI devices
LPR Port Monitor Enable Line Printer Remote port monitoring used by Unix devices
Message Queuing Enable message queuing between computers, http, DCOM and remotely.
Multipath I/O Provide muliple support paths to devices using a Device Specific Module.
Network Load Balancing Provide IP load balancing across 2 or more computers for services such as IIS
Peer Name Resolution Protocol Provide name resolution for applications across computers
Quality Windows Audio Visual Experience Provides QoS for streaming audio and video files over network
Remote Assistance Enable remote assistance tools to allow other users help to resolve problems
Remote Differential Compression Computes and transmits differences between objects over the network
Remote Server Administration Tools Enables tools to manage Domain, DNS, DHCP and other roles and features
Removable Storage Manager Enables management of remote storage devices such as tape devices, disks for backups (2008 RTM)
RPC over HTTP Protocol Enables Remote Procedure Calls over HTTP for access to Exchange using Outlook over internet
Simple TCP/IP Services Provides some simple TCP/IP services e.g. Char Gen, Daytime, Discard, Echo, Quote of the Day
SMTP Server Simple Mail Transport Protocol server for delivering email for another application
SNMP Services Simple Network Management Protocol for providing system information over network
Storage Manager for SANs Provide facility to create and manage LUNs for Fibre Channel and iSCSI storage
Subsystem for Unix based Applications Allow to compile and run unix programs on Windows
Telnet client Command line telnet tool to remote systems
Telenet Server Provide telnet server for clients to access
TFTP Client Trivial File Transfer Protocol client to access TFTP servers
Windows Biometric Framework Allows fingerprint devices to be used to logon to Windows (2008 R2)
Windows Internal Database Relational data store used by UDDI, AD RMS, Windows Update service etc
Windows Powershell Install Powershell command line and scripting tool (2008 RTM)
Windows Powershell Integrated Scripting Environment Run and edit powershell scripts in a graphical environment (2008 R2).
Windows Process Activation System Generalises the IIS process model for WCF applications
Windows Server Backup Feature Install new Windows Backup tool
Windows Server Migration Tools Tools to allow migration of roles, settings, files, shares from earlier versions of Windows to 2008 R2.
Windows System Resource Manager Tool to control how CPU and memory is used
Windows TIFF Filter Perform OCR on TIFF 6.0 compliant files for indexing and searching (2008 R2)
WinRM IIS Extension Allow management requests via WinRM from clients (2008 R2)
WINS Server Windows Internet Naming Service for Netbios names
Wireless LAN Service Configures and starts the WLAN service
XPS Viewer Install XPS Viewer application to view XPS files (2008 R2)