Mac OS FAQ

Applications and Utilities

Mac OS comes with the usual sort of applications programs to play around with and these are listed under Applications and there are various utilities. These programs are listed below with more information for the new stuff.

Applications

App Store Main application to browse, search, buy and download Mac Apps. Includes an Update tab for latest app updates.
Calculator Program to work out simple or complex calculations. It a scientific mode for more complex calculations.
Calendar Calendar to organise your life
Chess Latest 3D chess game
Contacts List of people with names, numbers, addresses and birthdays etc. Formally called Address Book.
Dashboard Holds secondary desktop to display small apps called Widgets
Dictionary Look up words in the dictionary or thesaurus
DVD Player Plays DVD discs in the internal or an external optical drive.
Facetime Contact family and friends with video and audio calls
Font Book Displays and manages fonts. Fonts can be OpenType or TrueType fonts.
GarageBand Create music with software instruments, presets, guitar, dummer and voice. It is also available for purchase from the App Store.
iBooks Read latest best sellers or study text books.
Image Capture Application to fetch images from Digital Cameras or Scanners.
iMovie A video editing suite for Mac (upto El Capitan). It can catpure video via the Firewire or USB ports.
iTunes Get and play music from your music collection or from the store
Keynote Create presentations
Mail Electronic Mail program
Maps Display map of local area, national or international locations
Messages Contact friends and family using text or images.
Mission Control Allows user to quickly locate an open window, hide other windows and show desktop. Its a combination of Dashboard, Expose and Spaces.
Notes Make temporary notes of text, photos, videos, a url and so on.
Numbers Create spreadsheets
Pages Create documents
Photo Booth Allows users to take photos of themselves from built in camera.
Photos Display and manage your photos
Preview Display images or PDF documents
Quicktime Player Plays video and sound files including MOV files
Reminders Lists of to do, projects, groceries, jobs and so on
Safari New web browser with Readling List, Pinned Sites, Apply Pay, Picture in Picture etc.
Siri Application for voice control of the Mac. Introduced in macos Sierra.
System Preferences Change user and system preferences
TextEdit Text editor for plain text, rich text or doc files
Time Machine Backup program

Other Tools

Activity Monitor Monitor and display information on CPU, Applications, Disks, Memory and Network
AirPort Utility Set up a Wi-Fi network using AirPort Base Station
Audio MIDI Setup Configure audio and MIDI devices
Automator Create automation tasks
Boot Camp Assistant Install Windows on your Mac
BlueTooth File Exchange Enables two people to share a computer using a remote connection (Get or Give Assistance)
ColorSync Utility Manage color profiles and filters for Apple's PDF workflow or filters to PDF files
Console Log viewer
Digital Color Meter Finds the colour value of any colour on your display.
Disk Utility Manage disks, disk images and RAID sets.
Grab Capture window or screen contains to an image file.
Grapher Visualize and analyze implicit and explicit equations.
Ink Allows you to add sketches and handwritten text into documents.
Keychain Access Stores user names, passwords and certificates
Migration Assistant Migrate documents to another Mac or PC or disk.
Script Editor Creates tools or apps with scripts
Stickies Keep short notes on your desktop.
System Information Shows hardware and software information about the Mac.
Terminal Opens a bash command prompt window
VoiceOver Utility Screen reader, which reads text on screen and output as audio.
X11 X-Windows implementation for Mac (aka XQuartz)

See also the list of Apps for Mac OS Sierra and on Wikipedia.