Letter F

FAQ Frequently Asked Questions. A list of questions and answers people frequently ask experts about things. FAT File Allocation Table. A table that holds information about the names of files and directories on a disk and their location on the disk (in a bitmap). DOS uses FAT16, and Windows 9x can use FAT32 for more efficient use of disk space. FAX Facsimile. A machine which digitally copies documents and sends them to another machine over the phone line to another machine which prints it out. FCPGA Flip-Chip Pin Grid Array sockets for high speed processor chips. Similar to Socket technology. Used by new Celeron processors. FDISK Fixed Disk. Program to manage hard disk partitions. On any computer a hard disk needs a least One partition for the operating system to recognise it and install a file system e.g. FAT, NTFS etc. Fidonet Special message based system used on BBS' (Bulletin Boards), people can join message groups called Echos which concentrate on particular subjects to which they can read and contribute. Now superceded by NewsGroups and Mailing Lists on the Internet. See Fidonet home page. File A collection of bytes that can be a program, a document, a database or picture etc that is given a name and stored on a disk. Firewall A computer which sits between networks using between the Internet and a LAN and blocks unwanted data to/from each network and prevents hacking and trojans entering your LAN. Firewire A high speed communcation port, replaces SCSI. Used for disks, video and so on. Flash An animation web plugin developed by Macromedia/Adobe. Flash ROM A reprogrammable ROM chip used in various devices such as Modems and expansion cards. Instead of replacing the chip as before, updates can be 'flashed' onto the ROM instead. Floppy disk A removable storage device. The PC can handle 3.5 disks or the older 5.25 disks. They can hold 360K, 720K or 1440K. Floppy Drive A device that reads and writes to floppy disks. On the PC they are referred to as A: and B:. Also referred to as FDDs. Folder Another name of a directory or drawer of files on a disk. Font Refers to the typeface and font used to display characters on the screen. The type include Bitmap and Compugraphic Fonts, PostScript and TrueType fonts. Format Function needed to prepare disks with a specific File System so that files can be saved onto them. Creates a disk bitmap and directory structure on the disk. PCs use FAT, FAT32, NTFS etc. ForTRAN Formula Translation. An early computer language for mathematics. FPM Fast Page Memory. Type of memory SIMMs used in the majority of older PCs such as 486 and early Pentium machines. FPU Floating Point Unit. A Processor chip designed specifically to process decimal numbers with high precision. This was seperate in older 80x86 processors but now included in Pentium processors and so forth. FreeDOS A Free DOS operating system for the PC. FSB Front Side Bus. Speed in MHz of the motherboard. The faster the better. FTP File Transfer Protocol. Method used on the Internet to transfer programs between computers.

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